Shareholders' Equity and Capital Stock
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2014
|Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]|
17.Shareholders’ Equity and Capital Stock
Common share issuances
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company exchanged 182,194 common shares for vested Restricted Share Units (“RSUs”). In addition, 1,623,139 stock options were exercised for proceeds of $1.3 million.
During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company exchanged 338,451 common shares for vested Restricted Share Units (“RSUs”). In addition, 377,927 stock options were exercised for proceeds of $0.3 million.
On December 19, 2013, the Company completed a private placement of 4,709,089 units consisting of one share of common stock and one half warrant at $1.10 per unit raising gross proceeds of $5.1 million. Total direct share issue costs, including the placement agents’ commission, were $0.2 million.
During the year ended December 31, 2012, 88,473 common shares were issued pursuant to the exercise of stock options for proceeds of $0.1 million. In addition, the Company exchanged 120,359 common shares for vested RSUs.
On February 23, 2012, the Company completed a private placement of 17,250,000 common shares at $1.00 per share raising gross proceeds of $17.3 million. Total direct share issue costs, including the placement agents’ commission, were $1.0 million.
In 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the adoption of the Company's stock option plan (the “Option Plan”). Eligible participants under the Option Plan include directors, officers, employees and consultants of the Company. Under the terms of the Option Plan, stock options generally vest with Option Plan participants as follows: 10% at the date of grant; 22% four and one-half months after grant; 22% nine months after grant; 22% thirteen and one-half months after grant; and the balance of 24% eighteen months after the date of grant.
Activity with respect to stock options is summarized as follows:
The exercise price of a new grant is set at the closing price for the stock on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) on the trading day immediately preceding the grant date so there is no intrinsic value as of the date of grant. The fair value of options vested during the year ended December 31, 2014 was $0.8 million.
As of December 31, 2014, outstanding stock options are as follows:
The aggregate intrinsic value of the options in the preceding table represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value for stock options with an exercise price less than the Company’s TSX closing stock price of Cdn$0.99 as of the last trading day in the year ended December 31, 2014, that would have been received by the option holders had they exercised their options as of that date. The total number of in-the-money stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2014 was 3,336,671. The total number of in-the-money stock options exercisable as of December 31, 2014 was 3,336,671.
Restricted share units
On June 24, 2010, the Company’s shareholders approved the adoption of the Company’s restricted share unit plan (the “RSU Plan”). Eligible participants under the RSU Plan include directors and employees, including officers, of the Company. Under the terms of the RSU Plan, RSUs vest with participants as follows: 50% on the first anniversary of the date of the grant and 50% on the second anniversary of the date of the grant.
Activity with respect to RSUs is summarized as follows:
As of December 31, 2014, outstanding RSUs are as follows:
As of December 31, 2014, 280,529 RSUs had been vested but not redeemed. In January, 2015, 215,168 were redeemed for common shares while the balance of 65,361 were redeemed to pay the related taxes due on redemption.
Upon RSU vesting, the holder of an RSU will receive one common share, for no additional consideration, for each RSU held.
On December 19, 2013, the Company issued 2,354,545 warrants to purchase stock at $1.35 per share in connection with the sale of private placement units (see note 17). The First and Second Loan Facility account for the remainder of the warrants issued during 2013 (see note 12).
Activity with respect to warrants is summarized as follows:
As of December 31, 2014, outstanding warrants are as follows:
Share-based compensation expense
Stock-based compensation expense was $0.9 million, $1.2 million and $2.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
As of December 31, 2014, there was approximately $0.6 million of total unrecognized compensation expense (net of estimated pre-vesting forfeitures) related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements granted under the Option Plan and $0.3 million under the RSU Plan. The expenses are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.1 years and 1.6 years, respectively.
Cash received from stock options exercised during the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 was $1.3 million, $0.3 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively.
Fair Value Calculations
The initial fair value of RSUs, options and warrants granted during the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:
The Company estimates expected volatility using daily historical trading data of the Company’s common shares, because this is recognized as a valid method used to predict future volatility. The risk-free interest rates are determined by reference to Canadian Treasury Note constant maturities that approximate the expected option term. The Company has never paid dividends and currently has no plans to do so.
Share-based compensation expense is recognized net of estimated pre-vesting forfeitures, which results in recognition of expense on options that are ultimately expected to vest over the expected option term. Forfeitures were estimated using actual historical forfeiture experience.
The fair value used for the RSUs issued in December 2014, December 2013 and December 2012 was $0.96, $1.20 and $0.82 per unit, respectively which was the closing price of the stock on the TSX as of the trading days immediately preceding the grant dates.
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef